refine

[rɪˈfaɪn] [rɪˈfaɪn]

v. 精炼,提纯,提炼;使高雅;改善

详细释义

源自:《新世纪英汉大词典》Collins外研社

  • 四级
  • 专四
  • 雅思高阶
vt /rɪˈfaɪn/

提纯;净化

提炼;精炼

搭配:[+ sugar, oil]

  • Oil is refined to remove naturally occurring impurities.

    油经过提炼去除天然存在的杂质。

使精致;使完美;使变得优雅

搭配:[+ person, manners]

炼去;除去

改进;改善;完善;改良

搭配:[+ techniques, process, machine]

  • Surgical techniques are constantly being refined.

    外科手术的技术不断得到完善。

提炼;使变得精妙;使变得精确

搭配:[+ language]

vi /rɪˈfaɪn/

变纯净;被净化;被提纯

变得精致;变得完美;变得优雅

搭配:[person, manners +]

英英释义

v.
improve or perfect by pruning or polishing
make more complex, intricate, or richer
treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition
reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; separate from extraneous matter or cleanse from impurities
attenuate or reduce in vigor, strength, or validity by polishing or purifying
make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of

词义辨析

improve,better,perfect,refine这些动词均有“改进,改善”之意

  • improve

    improve最常用词,多指状态或性质上的深刻或重要改进,也可指自身能力的提高。 better多用于口语,指适当地改善原来并非很差的状态或性质,也指社会地位、经济状况的改善

  • better

    perfect语义强,通常指使方法、技术等达到完善美好的境地

  • perfect

    refine侧重指使语言、仪态等变得文雅、优美,也可指技艺等的提高。

  • refine

词形变化

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