dust

[dʌst] [dʌst]

n. 尘土;粉尘

v. 擦灰;掸去;撒

详细释义

源自:《新世纪英汉大词典》Collins外研社

  • 四级
  • 专四
n /dʌst/

尘土;粉尘

  • The lorries raised clouds of dust.

    卡车扬起了阵阵尘土。

  • He reversed into the stockade in a cloud of dust.

    他在一阵尘土中将车倒进了围栏。

灰尘

  • There's a thick layer of dust on the shelf.

    架子上积了一层厚厚的灰尘。

  • There wasn't a speck of dust to be seen.

    一丁点儿灰尘都看不到。

尘雾

  • The wind gusted suddenly, stirring up dust.

    狂风乍起,搅起一阵尘雾。

粉末;细末

搭配:[+ of coal, asbestos, chalk]

  • The air was black with diesel fumes and coal dust.

    空气中充斥着黑乎乎的柴油烟和煤灰。

  • a sprinkling of gold dust

    星星点点的金粉

尘土;尘埃

  • Our heroes have long returned to dust.

    我们的英雄早已归于尘土。

  • a country where glorious church spires crumble to dust

    瑰丽的教堂尖顶化为齑粉的国家

  • This will still be the case long after our generation has turned to dust.

    等我们这一代人早已故去后,情况依然还会如此。

  • The country has all but turned to dust under the steady pressure of famine, drought, and civil war.

    在饥馑、干旱和内战的持续重压下,这个国家几乎已经化作一片废墟。

  • when the relationship has turned to dust

    当这段感情化为虚无

  • But her success story has turned to dust.

    可是她的成功故事已烟消云散。

  • With the words `ashes to ashes, dust to dust' still ringing in his ears he headed home.

    他朝家走去,耳边仍回响着“尘归尘,土归土”这句话。

地面

  • They lay face down in the dust.

    他们脸朝下趴在地上。

to bite the dust:失败;消失;玩完;死去;死亡

  • More than a third of Britain's marriages will bite the dust.

    英国超过三分之一的婚姻会以失败告终。

  • In the last 30 years many cherished values have bitten the dust.

    在过去三十年间,很多备受珍视的价值观已经被完全抛弃。

  • The allegation has caused one lecturer's career to bite the dust.

    这项指控葬送了一名讲师的职业生涯。

  • You'll be enjoying a healthy life long after your colleagues have bitten the dust.

    等你同事们都死了,你还会健康地活很久。

dust and ashes:令人失望的事物

  • Fascism leads only to dust and ashes, death and shame and cruelty.

    法西斯主义带来的只有失望、死亡、屈辱和残暴。

to gather dust;to collect dust:被搁置;无人问津

  • Many of the machines are gathering dust in basements.

    这些机器中有许多都放在地下室积灰。

  • The album is finally being released in October after gathering dust for over a year.

    在尘封了一年多之后,这张唱片终于将在10月份发售。

to kick up a dust;to raise a dust:引起骚乱;发生争执

to leave sb/sth in the dust:轻而易举超过…;全面胜过…

  • leaving their competitors in the dust

    令他们的竞争对手望尘莫及

to let the dust settle:待尘埃落定;等局势平静

  • I think we need to let the dust settle and see what's going to happen after that.

    我想我们应该静等事态平息,看看之后的发展。

to shake the dust off your feet:愤然离开;不屑地离开

  • They said they were too busy to give us drinks, so we shook the dust off our feet and left.

    他们说太忙,没时间给我们上饮料,于是我们愤然离去。

to throw dust in sb's eyes;to throw dust in the eyes of sb:迷惑某人;误导某人

  • They are shielding him and throwing dust in the eyes of the police.

    他们蒙蔽警察来包庇他。

when the dust settles;once the dust settles:当事态平息一些;待形势明朗

  • When the dust settles, nobody is left in any doubt.

    尘埃落定时,大家都再无任何疑虑。

  • Once the dust had settled Beck defended his decision.

    事态一平息,贝克就为自己的决定辩白。

vi /dʌst/

擦去尘土;掸去尘土

  • She dusted, she cleaned, and she did the washing-up.

    她擦掉灰尘,打扫卫生,还清洗了餐具。

撒粉;涂粉

  • Dry your feet well and then dust between the toes with baby powder.

    把脚彻底擦干,然后在脚趾间撒上婴儿爽身粉。

  • Help lipstick to last longer by dusting over your lips with a little translucent powder before applying.

    涂口红前在唇部抹一点透明唇粉,可令口红效果更持久。

to dust for sth:撒粉以使某物显现

  • officials dusting for fingerprints and searching for evidence

    撒粉提取指纹并搜寻证据的警务人员

vt /dʌst/

除去…的灰尘;擦净;掸净;清扫

搭配:[+ furniture, room]

  • He dusted and polished all the furniture.

    他把所有家具擦干净并打上蜡。

  • I vacuumed and dusted the living room.

    我用吸尘器打扫了客厅,并擦净灰尘。

to dust sth with sth:把…撒(或涂)于

  • Dust the cake with sifted icing sugar.

    在蛋糕上撒过筛的糖粉。

  • She dusted her face with powder.

    她在脸上涂了粉。

to dust sth on sth;to dust sth over sth:在…上撒…

  • Dust and blend blusher on the apples of your cheeks.

    将腮红打在两颊上并涂抹开。

to dust sth for sth:在…撒粉以使指纹显现

  • Police dusted my flat for fingerprints.

    警察在我的公寓撒粉提取指纹。

覆盖;盖住

搭配:[snow, frost, sand +]

  • A light frost dusted the grass.

    草地上盖着一层薄霜。

  • She seemed not to notice as flakes of snow dusted her hair.

    她似乎没有注意到片片雪花落满她的头发。

to dust yourself down;to dust yourself off:重新振作;拍去身上的灰尘;把身上弄干净

  • She dusted herself down and left to build her own career.

    她重振旗鼓去开创自己的事业了。

  • Pick yourself up, dust yourself off, and start again.

    鼓起勇气,重新振作,从头再来。

  • Mike stood up and dusted himself down.

    迈克站起身,把身上拍打干净。

常用短语

源自:《新世纪英汉大词典》Collins外研社

  1. to turn to dust 亡故;去世;死去;化为尘土;消失;化为泡影;烟消云散
  2. ashes to ashes, dust to dust 尘归尘,土归土(源自《圣经》,比喻从哪里来就会回到哪里去,一切都是注定)

英英释义

n.
fine powdery material such as dry earth or pollen that can be blown about in the air
the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up
free microscopic particles of solid material
v.
remove the dust from
rub the dust over a surface so as to blur the outlines of a shape
cover with a light dusting of a substance
distribute loosely

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